It has been common to say that 2015 was the bloodiest year in El Salvador since the end of the civil war. But was it?
The October 1997 edition of ECA, no. 588, a publication of the University of Central America looked at the magnitude of homicides occurring at that time in the country. Taking a look at the various sources of data on homicides, the study estimated the following numbers of homicides:
Number of intentional homicides
138.2 per 100,000
138.9 per 100,000
117.4 per 100,000
Another article in the same edition of ECA looked at the causes of the violence in the mid-1990s.. Although the data did not permit a tally of murders by cause, the factors included a culture of violence produced by the years of civil war, the abundance of weaponry in Salvadorans hands, death squads, and gang violence among other factors.